The anal sacs (glands) lie beneath the skin, on each side of the rectal opening. The anal sacs are lined with glands that produce a secretion with a strong odor. This is the same gland as the scent gland of the skunk. The only purpose for these glands in
Types of anal sac disease include:
Abnormal secretions are thick and unable to escape through the duct. This may result from a change in diet, or a change in the nature of the secretions. The sacs become swollen and painful.
Bacterial Infection produces a thin, foul-smelling discharge. Licking of these glands may cause other body infections, such as tonsillitis and skin infections.
If left untreated, infections may abscess resulting in a painful swelling filled with pus that cannot escape. Often the gland will burst from the pressure as the infectious discharge accumulates. Many pets are presented to us with a hole beside the rectum, which is a result of a bursting abscess.
Signs of Anal Sac Disease include:
• Scooting or dragging the rear-end on the floor or ground. A discharge may be seen on the floor.
• Jerking around quickly to lick the tail area or excessive licking of the rectal area.
• Reluctance to lift the tail or allow you to touch the rear-end.
• Bloody drainage around the rectal area.
Treatment of Anal Sac Disease MAY include:
• Rectal palpation to empty the sacs of the secretions.
• Lancing and/or debriding the infected gland.
• Systemic antibiotics.
• Anti-inflammatory medicationsDO NOT APPLY ANY OTHER MEDICINES TO THE SKIN WITHOUT CHECKING FIRST